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歡迎瀏覽《基本法》頒布30周年網上展覽。

香港特別行政區是根據《中華人民共和國憲法》第31條設立,在特別行政區內實行的制度由全國人民代表大會以法律規定:第七屆全國人民代表大會於1990年4月4日通過的《中華人民共和國香港特別行政區基本法》(《基本法》)正是根據國家憲法和按照香港具體情況制定的憲制性文件,為香港特別行政區實行的制度、政策和法律提供依據。歲月如梭,《基本法》頒布至今已超過30年。

《基本法》開宗明義說明香港是中華人民共和國不可分離的部分,是一個享有高度自治權,直轄於中央人民政府的地方行政區域。當年鄧小平先生提出「一國兩制」的構想,是在維護國家的統一和領土完整、保持香港的繁榮和穩定的前提下,考慮到香港的歷史和現實情況,最大程度地保留香港的特色和優勢,讓香港市民的原有生活方式維持不變。這是中央對香港特區各項方針政策的根本宗旨,也是「一國兩制」的初心。

《基本法》明確闡述並落實國家對香港的基本方針政策,訂明「一國兩制」、「港人治港」和高度自治的重要槪念,規定了香港特區實行的各項制度,勾劃了香港特區的發展藍圖。《基本法》內一共160條條文,為這劃時代的偉大構想提供了堅實的憲制基礎。

香港回歸祖國將近23年,《基本法》除了為香港特區帶來繁榮穩定和長足發展外,亦充分保障了香港市民的基本權利和自由。作為一項前無古人的開創性事業,「一國兩制」需要在實踐中不斷探索。今日,「一國兩制」在香港的實踐正遇到一些新情況新問題,建立健全香港特別行政區維護國家安全的法律制度和執行機制已是刻不容緩。依照國家憲法和《基本法》辦事是確保「一國兩制」行穩致遠的唯一方法。

香港市民充份和全面理解《憲法》和《基本法》,是落實「一國兩制」的重要基礎。為慶祝《基本法》頒布30周年,特區政府特別推出網上展覽,以時光隧道形式,與市民一同回顧《基本法》的歷史背景、起草和頒布過程,以及香港成功落實《基本法》的情況。希望市民能透過這次展覽,重溫《基本法》和實行「一國兩制」的初心,並更加了解《基本法》這份落實國家對香港的方針政策、奠定香港成功基礎及富有歷史和國際意義的憲制性文件。


香港特別行政區行政長官
林鄭月娥
欢迎浏览《基本法》颁布30周年网上展览。

香港特别行政区是根据《中华人民共和国宪法》第31条设立,在特别行政区内实行的制度由全国人民代表大会以法律规定:第七届全国人民代表大会于1990年4月4日通过的《中华人民共和国香港特别行政区基本法》(《基本法》)正是根据国家宪法和按照香港具体情况制定的宪制性文件,为香港特别行政区实行的制度、政策和法律提供依据。岁月如梭,《基本法》颁布至今已超过30年。

《基本法》开宗明义说明香港是中华人民共和国不可分离的部分,是一个享有高度自治权,直辖于中央人民政府的地方行政区域。当年邓小平先生提出「一国两制」的构想,是在维护国家的统一和领土完整、保持香港的繁荣和稳定的前提下,考虑到香港的历史和现实情况,最大程度地保留香港的特色和优势,让香港市民的原有生活方式维持不变。这是中央对香港特区各项方针政策的根本宗旨,也是「一国两制」的初心。

《基本法》明确阐述并落实国家对香港的基本方针政策,订明「一国两制」、「港人治港」和高度自治的重要槪念,规定了香港特区实行的各项制度,勾划了香港特区的发展蓝图。 《基本法》内一共160条条文,为这划时代的伟大构想提供了坚实的宪制基础。

香港回归祖国将近23年,《基本法》除了为香港特区带来繁荣稳定和长足发展外,亦充分保障了香港市民的基本权利和自由。作为一项前无古人的开创性事业,「一国两制」需要在实践中不断探索。今日,「一国两制」在香港的实践正遇到一些新情况新问题,建立健全香港特别行政区维护国家安全的法律制度和执行机制已是刻不容缓。依照国家宪法和《基本法》办事是确保「一国两制」行稳致远的唯一方法。

香港市民充份和全面理解《宪法》和《基本法》,是落实「一国两制」的重要基础。为庆祝《基本法》颁布30周年,特区政府特别推出网上展览,以时光隧道形式,与市民一同回顾《基本法》的历史背景、起草和颁布过程,以及香港成功落实《基本法》的情况。希望市民能透过这次展览,重温《基本法》和实行「一国两制」的初心,并更加了解《基本法》这份落实国家对香港的方针政策、奠定香港成功基础及富有历史和国际意义的宪制性文件。


香港特别行政区行政长官
林郑月娥
Welcome to the Online Exhibition on the 30th Anniversary of the Promulgation of the Basic Law.

The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) was established under Article 31 of the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China. The systems to be instituted in special administrative regions shall be prescribed by law enacted by the National People’s Congress. The Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China (the Basic Law), adopted by the Seventh National People’s Congress on 4 April 1990, is the constitutional document drawn up in accordance with the Constitution with regard to Hong Kong’s specific conditions, which provides the basis for the systems, policies and laws to be implemented in the HKSAR. Time passes fast and it has now been over 30 years since the Basic Law was promulgated.

The Basic Law clearly states that Hong Kong is an inalienable part of the People’s Republic of China and a local administrative region enjoying a high degree of autonomy and coming directly under the Central People’s Government. Upholding national unity and territorial integrity, maintaining the prosperity and stability of Hong Kong, and taking account of history and realities, the “one country, two systems” principle was put forth by Mr Deng Xiao-ping as a way to preserve the characteristics and advantages of Hong Kong as much as possible and to enable Hong Kong citizens to maintain their way of life. This is the fundamental tenet of the various policies of the Central Authorities regarding Hong Kong, and also the original intention of “one country, two systems”.

The Basic Law clearly sets out and implements our country’s basic policies regarding Hong Kong. It enshrines the important concepts of “one country, two systems”, “Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong” and a high degree of autonomy. It also prescribes the various systems to be practised in the HKSAR and maps out the blueprint for the HKSAR’s future development. Comprising a total of 160 articles, the Basic Law provides a solid constitutional basis for these epoch-making ideas.

Hong Kong has returned to the motherland for almost 23 years. Apart from maintaining the prosperity, stability and long-term development of the HKSAR, the Basic Law has fully protected the basic rights and freedoms of Hong Kong citizens. As a pioneering initiative, the application of “one country, two systems” entails an evolving process. Today, as Hong Kong encounters new circumstances and challenges in the implementation of “one country, two systems”, it is imperative to establish and improve the legal system and enforcement mechanisms for the HKSAR to safeguard national security. Acting in accordance with the Constitution and the Basic Law is the only way to ensure the smooth and successful practice of “one country, two systems” in the long run.

A full and comprehensive understanding of the Constitution and the Basic Law by Hong Kong citizens is fundamental to the successful implementation of “one country, two systems”. To celebrate the 30th anniversary of the promulgation of the Basic Law, the HKSAR Government is pleased to present this online exhibition for the public to review, in the form of a time tunnel, the historical background of the Basic Law, as well as its drafting, promulgation and successful implementation in Hong Kong. We hope that this exhibition will remind the public of the purpose and mission of the Basic Law and “one country, two systems”, and enhance their understanding of the Basic Law, a constitutional document of historical and international significance which implements the basic policies of our country regarding Hong Kong and lays the foundation for Hong Kong’s success.


Carrie Lam
Chief Executive
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
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